Wpływ filozofii wszechjedności Włodzimierza Sołowjowa na twórczość Pawła Florenskiego

Justyna Kroczak


The Influence of Vladimir Solovyov`s Metaphysics of the All-unity on Pavel Florensky’s Thought

The presented article contrasts and compares Vladimir Solovyov’s and Pavel Florensky’s metaphysics of the all-unity, basing upon key texts of the philosophers. I am describing the all-unity components and the way of its interpretation to be found in the works of these thinkers. General conclusions are as follows: (1) the theory of the all-unity claims the principle of integrity of scientific research — philosophical cognition and philosophy in general ought to be complemented with mysticism and religion; (2) culture as a phenomenon encompassing all kinds of the conscious human activity, is a realization of the ἓν καὶ πᾶν; (3) the doctrine of the Sophia - Wisdom, according to these thinkers, is intended to help to recognize the unity of the reality which is God, man and the world: (4) the God-manhood confirms the main principle of the all-unity; the unity of everything, and this principle is unfolded in Christ — the God-Man. Significant differences between the development of the concepts of culture, religion, the Sophia-Wisdom and the God-manhood in Solovyov and Florensky’s works are also revealed. For example, according to Florensky, the medieval type of culture really strengthened the human outlook, whereas in Solovyov's opinion, the medieval world might be called Christian according to rites only, being at heart (to his mind) pagan. It is concluded that despite the substantial differences in their metaphysics, both philosophers aim at forming a sympathetic and thoughtful attitude towards the world, nature and life.

Keywords: God-manhood, Sophia-Wisdom, all-unity, culture, symbol, medieval philosophic outlook, philosophy of Renaissance, mysticism, integrity, Russian philosophy.

Pełny tekst:


Administracja Cytowania | Strony czasopism